the early nineteenth century. Ukrainian lands find themselves in the vortex of violent events of European history. However, in these events they were the object of relations between Russia, France, Austria, Prussia and Turkey.


Ukraine in the Russian-Turkish war of 1806-1812 years

the early nineteenth century. between the Russian and Ottoman empires and took a short period of peace and even short-term union. Unites these countries constantly warring common danger from France. However, this alliance could not be solid and durable, because Russia, capturing from the war against the Turkish Black Sea and Crimea, was not going to stop its expansion. When in 1804 rebellion broke out in Serbia, which launched a national liberation movement against Turkish rule in the Balkans, Russia decided to intervene in these events. Violating their alliance obligations, she sent the rebels arms ship. In response, Turkey closed the straits to Russian warships and by providing a support of France, announced in December 1806 war on Russia.

As Ukrainian lands were approached directly to the main theater of war in Moldavia, Wallachia and Bulgaria, they felt the full burden of this conflict.

In Chernihiv, Kharkiv, Poltava, Kiev, Kherson and Katerinoslav provinces were announced to set militia. Each province had to send several thousand Russian troops militias. For the needs of the army of left-bank Ukraine was requisitioned more than 6 thousand wagons, about 14 thousand oxen, more than 1 thousand horses, accompanied by four thousand peasants teamsters. The Cossacks were forced, as in the Ukrainian part of the Russian army to fight for foreign interests and shed blood brothers co-religionists.

The war lasted a long time without any decisive action on both sides in 1812 when Russia, sensing the approach of war with France, their operations and inflicted a decisive defeat the Turkish army during Ruschukom. In May, 1812 Bucharest peace was signed, as a result of which Russia gained Bessarabia. The majority of the population were Moldovans, but part of its territory (Khotyn, Akermanskyy and Ismail counties) lived in Ukrainian.