Entry (textbook)

HISTORY OF UKRAINEGrade 8Hisem O., Martyniuk, AA

History of Ukraine

Grade 8


Introduction to a new era Ukrainian lands

1. What is history? 2. What period of historyUkraine did you learn last year? What are its chronological limits. 3. Whatevents of the medieval history of Ukraine you remember most?


1.   A new era inUkraine's history. In 8 class course you continue to study the history of Ukraine.Considering the peculiarities of social development in our state, youget acquainted with the subsequent history of the Ukrainian people, its struggle forindependence and related feats, triumph and tragedy.

History of Ukraine, as you already know, is divided into certainhistorical periods - the stages of its political, social and cultural development,characterized the major events, phenomena, processes, etc.. In previousclasses you are in line with that currently periods, studied long andmedieval history of Ukraine.


PeriodizationHistory of Ukraine

Name of period

The chronological limits

Ancient History

About 1 million years ago - IV cent. district. e.

Medieval History

V cent. district. AD - the end of XV century.

New History

XVI-XIX centuries.

Recent History

XX - early XXI century.


This year you start to learn a new history of Ukraine andbecome familiar with the events that took place on our lands in the XVI-XVIII centuries.History of Ukraine is a part of world history in which the new history is dividedEarly on the new time or day of Early Modernism (late XV - amXVII.) And the new time, or modern day (late XVII -Nineteenth century.). History of Ukraine, which you learn in grade 8 will introduce youera of early modern times and the first part of the history of Modern timeof our country. Events that took place at this time in Ukrainereflect both general trends inherent in world history so far,and have features associated with the specificity of social development in theselands.

The textbook that you hold in your hands, help youlearn a lot from the history of Ukraine. The period that you learn,called the Cossack era in the history of our country. It was the Ukrainian Cossacksbecome a crucial factor of social development so far. One of the mainachievements of this period was the emergence of the Ukrainian Cossack state -Hetman, which was formed due Natsionalnovyzvolnoyi Ukrainian Warpeople of the middle XVII. You will also have the opportunity to exploremany outstanding historical figures of this time - Cossackas leaders, clergymen, scientists, artists and others. They were the creatorsUkraine's history of this period. After learning about their activities, you will see howmuch they did for their country. Indeed, in those days were setfoundations of our modern statehood.

Therefore, we invite you to get acquainted with the subsequent periodUkraine's history. We hope that it will be your least interesting and excitingthan previous ones.


2.   Politicalposition of Ukrainian lands in the first half of XVI century. Нaprykintsi XV- In the first half of XVI century. Ukrainian lands were in variousStates. The vast majority, namely Podlasie, Volhynia, Podolia Eastern(Bratslavshchina) and the Kiev region, was part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.Galicia, Belzschyna, Kholmshchyna Western skirts owned Polish Kingdom.Since the mid XIV century. Bukovina belonged to the Moldavian Principality. In1514 Moldovan principality together with the Ukrainian lands in horribledependence of the Ottoman Empire. The Turkish government has created in Bukovina viyskovoadministratyvnuunit - Hotinskuyu rayyu. Transcarpathia from the XIII century. Hungarian holdingsKingdom. As a result of defeat in turokosmaniv Mohachem in 1526Hungary lost its independence, and the Austrian Habsburgs divided Transcarpathia(West) and depending on turokosmaniv Transylvanian (Semygrads'kyi)principality (eastern).

In Crimea and northern Black Sea region of the mid-XV. there was a state Tatars - Crimean Khanate, which of1478 vassal of the Ottoman Empire. Chernihiv-Siverschyna due Muscovite-Lithuanianwars of the late XV - early XVI century. joined the Grand Duchy of Moscow.


3.   How to deal withbook. The key to success in the classroom and at home is the abilitywork with the textbook. Before it started, should the content of the textbookacquainted with its structure. Material textbook is divided into six themes,each of which contains six to eight paragraphs, which in turnconsist of several items. The text you will encounter words and dates selectedblack print. They should pay special attention. History of Ukraine, asyou know, has its own terminology, which should be understood. The textbook containsdates of key events, defining terms and concepts, portraits of historical figures.Working with the material into paragraphs, it is necessary to examine ourselves tosure whether you remember the historical chronology, the namesfigures, new concepts and terms.

Important for learning have historicaldocuments, illustrations, maps and charts. Working with paragraph shouldbe sure to read the document included in it. Questions that hisaccompanying help you better understand the historical source.Looking at pictures, look for labels that clarifies the meaning representation.Working with historical maps help to form ideas about where it happenedevents about which you have read, or what changes they caused. Scheme will openrelationships between elements of historical events, explain their features and more.

Aftereach paragraph posted questions and tasks. Heed, symbolsalong with them. They tell you what and how to perform. Finishedstudy of the topic, you can summarize it with these materialgeneralized questions and tasks. Tests allow you to themeimplement self-test level of knowledge acquired.

In order that it may be easier to work with the textbook shouldpay attention to the content of the pages of labels and their values.

"Remember" - questionpresented in this section at the beginning of paragraph will help you recall the studiedearlier material, and it will help better understand the new material.

"The documents tell" -here are snippets of historical sources you should read and respondquestions to them.

"It is interesting to know" - in this sectionYou will find many historic interesting facts related to the content of the material paragraph.

"The figure in history" - under thisheading contains information about famous historical figures to help youunderstand their contribution to history.

"Conclusions" - this topic,placed at the end of paragraphs, contains a summary of the leading opinions disclosedin their text.

"Make sure you remember"- Here are questions to help you make a self-test and find out ifwell you remember the content of paragraph.

"Think and answer -question of this column will allow you to comprehend the reading.

"Do the job" - this topiccontains the tasks needed to facilitate the formation and development of your skills to workfrom historical maps, make plans, tables, historical portraits and more.

Tasks for the curious - hereyou'll find historic task, the task to prepare the messages usingInternet resources or additional literature. These tasks are performed byindication of a teacher or those students who wish to deepen their knowledge.



- 8 class studied the first part of the New HistoryUkraine, covering events XVI - first half of XVIII century.

- This period is called the Cossack Ukrainian historyera, thereby emphasizing the crucial role of Cossacks in his events.

- Ukrainian lands during the first half of XVI century.belonged to other states that certain features of their indicationdevelopment.



1. What is the name of the period of the history of Ukraine, studied in8 class? 2. What are the chronological limits of this period? 3. Which twodivided modern history? 4. Why during the late XV-XVIII centuries. in Ukrainianhistory called the Cossack era? 5. In the state of which were in the firsthalf of the XVI century. most of the Ukrainian lands?

6. What do you know about periodization of the history of Ukraine? 7.Describe the political situation on the Ukrainian lands late XV - in the firsthalf of the XVI century.

8. Decide on a map, comprising the state were infirst half of XVI century. land where you live. 9. Make a table of "Statemembership in the Ukrainian lands in the middle of the XVI century. ".


What are the Ukrainian lands belonged




10. Explain how you understand the findings presented at the endparagraph. Confirm your answer with examples from the textbook. (Provided suchExercise should do after each paragraph to their selfknowledge)