Rivne region

Established December 4, 1939

Area - 20,1 thousand square meters. km, 3,3% of Ukraine, 21 among its regions

administrative center - Rivne

Territory - 44,3 sq. km. km

Population City - 249,0 thousand people

number of districts - 16

Bridge - 11, including the cities of regional subordination - 4

Top City region : Rivne, Dubno, Kuznetsovsk, Kostopil Sarni, Zdolbuniv

settlements City type - 16

Rural settlements - 1000

Population - 1 151.6 thousand people (on 01/08/2009 was)

Density population - 57,3 inhabitants per 1 square. km

City : 548,3 thousand people

Agriculture : 603,3 thousand people

National warehouse : Ukrainian - 95.9%, Russians - 2,6%, Belarusians - 1,0%, Poles - 0 2%

Introduction

lies in northwestern Ukraine. More northern part of the region spread within the Polesie lowlands (132-200 m), which is a low-lying, ploskohvylyastu accumulative plain with broad terraced valleys, with vague boggy watershed. The southern part of the region that lies within the Volyn Upland (200-342 m), - increased, wavy Lesova plain, divided by a dense network of rivers on a separate charge (Mizotskyy logs) and the ravines and gorges. In the extreme south-west - Small plain Polesie. Since minerals are the most common peat (the largest deposits in Ukraine) - 300 explored deposits, 135 of which an area of over 1 ha. There are significant reserves of building materials: granite (light pink and gray), hranodioryty, kaolin, loess, clay, chalk, sandstone. In Kostopil and Volodymyrets district - Stocks basalt. They have no commercial importance of copper deposits, bog iron ore, supplies of amber. There are mineral inDid you like Mirgorodskuyu Truskavets. The climate is continental with warm humid summers (18,1 °, 18,6 ° in July) and mild winters (-4,8 °, -5,6 ° in January). Precipitation - 600-650 mm a year. Rivers, lakes and reservoirs much. 171 rivers - a length of 10 km. All rivers belong to the Dnipro basin flow from south to north. The main water artery - Gorin and its tributaries (from Sluch stood, beaver, Willie, Usteyu, Stubla). In the northwest boundary of calling in Pripyat, Stir, and in the northeast flow and Leo Stvyga. River valleys are broad, marshy floodplain, where many lakes. Lakes of various origins (karst, flood, etc.). 500, ponds - 300, 1931 Reservoir facilities. In the southern region is the most common ashed soil (light gray, gray forest, dark gray and black ashed) in Polesie - sod-podzol (sandy, sandy-clayey, gleyed). Black earth covering the watersheds steppe zone. On the lower parts of watersheds, terraces and river flood plains - meadow, meadow black earth, turf, peat swamp and marsh soils. Almost a third of the region is covered with forests, mainly coniferous, grasslands (15%), wetlands (10-20%). Among the lowland marshes dominated, less frequently transient and HPLC. Fauna is represented by over 300 species: mammals - 66 birds - 186 fish - 33 species. Wetlands, swamp, and ohleyennya oxidation, silting of drainage systems, secondary swamp reclaimed land - a major adverse natural processes. At activates pereosushenyh lands deflation. Partly revealed caves and BP-sagging phenomenon in the south - erosion processes. Reclamation: drainage, moisturizers, soil, chemical, and vodnorehulyuyuchi lisovidnovlyuvalni. In the 267 territories and objects protected areas, including national importance: the nature reserve, 13 nature reserves, 8 natural monuments, zoo, arboretum, 2 park monuments of landscape architecture, regional landscape pARC Branch, 90 natural reserves.

Background

the territory of Rivne region traces of human occupation belongs to the ancient times. In the II-III century. The early Slavic tribes lived here Zarubyntsi Cherniahivs'ka and cultures. About 100 residues of ancient settlements. In the X century. these lands belonged to Kievan Rus. Dorogobuzh and Peresopnytsya (now village) in XI-XII centuries. were the centers of autonomous principalities. In XIII-XIV centuries. Rivne region was part of Galicia-Volyn principality, while the second half of XIV century. Lithuania fell under the power. After the Union of Lublin in 1569 - Under Polish rule. In the XVI century. important political and cultural center was the city jail. Near the village. Pliasheva summer 1651 held Berestetskaya battle between Cossack army Khmelnitskogo and Poles. Before 1793 region was under Polish rule, then - Russia. In 1921 Rivne went to Poland as part of Volyn province. In 1939, - Part of USSR. During World Rivne war was the administrative center Reichscommissariat "Ukraine".

In the years of independence of Ukraine in Rivne revived historical and ethnographic traditions, restored churches, monasteries and ancient castles.