Dnepropetrovsk region

Established February 27, 1932

Area - 31,9 thousand square meters. km, 5,3% of Ukraine, 2 among its regions

region center - City Dniprpetrovsk

Territory - 378,5 square kilometers. km

Population City - 1 013.0 thousand people

number of districts - 22

Bridge - 20, including the cities of regional subordination - 13

Top City region : Dnepropetrovsk, Krivoy Rog, Dnipropetrovsk, Nikopol, Pavlograd Novomoskovsk, Feodosia

settlements City type - 46

Rural settlements - 1437

Population - 3 362.1 thousand people (on 01/08/2009 was)

Population density - 105,4 inhabitants per 1 sq. km.

City : 2 805.0 thousand people

Agriculture : 557,1 thousand people

National Structure : Ukrainian - 79,3%, Russians - 17,6%, Belarusians - 0,8%

Introduction

lies in the southeastern part of Ukraine in the basin of the middle and lower reaches of the Dnieper. The surface area - undulating plains (100-200 m). Spurs on the Right Bank Dnieper Upland (192 m) decrease from northwest to southeast to the valley of the Dnieper and break her steep escarpment and in the south region - moving in the Black Sea lowland. Left Bank covers the Dnieper Lowland. In the Southeast - spurs Azov Upland. The surface is divided by deep river valleys, gullies, ravines. Field - one of the richest in Ukraine for the volumes and variety of mineral resources: iron ore Rog and Nikopol manganese ore basin, Western Donbass (coal), part of the Dnieper brown coal basin, oil and natural gas deposits of titanium ore, bauxite, nickel, cobalt, granite, basalt, marble, kaolin, dolomite, clay, roofing slates, minium, limestone, piskiv more. The climate is continental with hot and dry summers (21,5 °, 22,5 ° in July), with frequent rains, strong winds, causing drought, with mild, dry winters (-4,5 °, -6 , 5 ° in January) with frequent thaws and ice. Rainfall - 400 - 490 mm per year, mostly in the warm period. In the 55 rivers longer than 25 km. The main water artery - the Dnipro. Left tributaries: Orel, Samara with Wolves, Law - Bazavluk, Wet Sura, Ingulets with Saksahannyu. There are three large (Dnepr) and 100 small reservoirs, ponds, 1400. Lakes are few and small. Constructed channels Sky-Krivoy Rog and Dnepr-Donbass. Soil: ordinary and southern black (48% of the area), meadow-chernozem, meadow saline, turf, sand, etc.. Riznotravnotypchakovo natural vegetation, grass, watershed - bushes, gullies forests (birch, oak, pear, ash, linden , ash) and flood (oak, elm, linden, ash, birch, elm, maple, alder, etc.). almost 400 species of animals, including mammals - 61 species of birds - 252 species of amphibians - 10 fish - 48. Modern natural processes: linear and plane wash, on right bank of the Dnieper - landslides, on the banks of reservoirs - attrition, eroded soils in the basin and Inhulets Saksahan (70%), the flat interfluve - BP-subsidences phenomena, podah and floodplains - salinization soils. The region - 116 territories and objects protected areas, including national importance: natural preserves, 16 nature reserves, natural monuments March 3, botanical gardens, park, monument of landscape architecture, 3 natural reserves. Total area of protected areas - 26 162 ha (0,8% of the territory).

Background

first traces of "pralyudyny" found here are believed scientists, even before the era of the early Stone Age. Scientists say that it is on the Dnipro 6 thousand years ago were first domesticated horses. In the barrows in the area found Novomoskovsk Four wagons, one of the oldest in Eastern Europe. Among the findings of archaeologists - the world-famous treasures of the ancient Scythians - Tomb of thick pectoral crest of the mound and Soloha.U Middle Ages these lands took possession of the northern boundary of nomads. Dnieper trade route goes through the famous "Varangian of the Greeks. In 972, the Prince Svyatoslav here, near the Dnieper rapids, killed in battle with Pechenegs. Dnipropetrovsk region known as the Cossack Sich - five of them existed in the modern Nikopol area. Inclusion Zaporozhye lands of the Russian Empire and liquidation of the Sich in 1775 accompanied by the emergence in southern Ukraine at first Novorossiyskseries, and later Katerynoslavs'ka provinces of the main city Yekaterynoslav (now Dnipropetrovsk). Big changes in the life of the region related to the opening end of the XIX century. significant mineral resources - coal, iron and manganese ores. At this time Ekaterinoslavskaya province quickly turns into a center of industry in the south of the Russian Empire. Put into operation in 1884 Catherine joined the Donetsk coal railways and Rog ore-mining pools. Laid in the XIX century. based industrial development characterized its modern industrial face.