Transportation (compendium)

leading mode of transport is the railway in the state - the largest volume of freight and second place (after the car) for passenger conveyance. By density of railway network - Ukraine leader among CIS countries, and by length of railways is second only to Russia. Most of the Ukrainian Railways - electrified. The densest network of industrial districts have Donbass and the Dnieper, Western Region. Most powerful nodes are Kyiv, Kharkiv, Zaporizhia, Odesa, Dnipropetrovsk, Tulchin, Shepetivka.

largest volume of passenger traffic fall on road transport, although now this indicator railway transport almost caught the car. He has particular importance for maintenance of agriculture due to its mobility and ability to transport in hard to reach areas. The vast majority of 170 thousand km of Ukrainian roads have hard surface. But its most of them poor by European standards.

Pipeline transportation is relatively cheap, effective and highly profitable. Its development and modernization along with the creation of oil and gas storage and modern processing facilities enable Ukraine to increase foreign exchange earnings for the transit of raw materials to other countries.

great importance for Ukraine is sea transport. Exit to the Black and Azov Seas, the availability of advanced shipbuilding industry asserted it as a sea power. Through the ports of Odessa, sharing, Ishmael, Sevastopol, Nikolaev, Mariupol, Kherson is a large part of export-import operations.

River transport, though it has some drawbacks (seasonal operation, low speed, limited to waterways), also an important component of the national transportation system. The main volume of freight carried on the Dnieper River (ports in all major cities) and Danube (Ismail, Kilo, Renee). In these rivers are transport and passenger service between Ukraine and other countries.

on air transport accounts for the vast majority of transcontinental shipping and transporting goods with a small shelf. The advantage of this mode of transport is the speed tsilorichnist functioning, mobility, disadvantages - high cost of transportation, palpable dependence on weather conditions. Major airports - in Kyiv, Donetsk, Odessa, Lvov, Simferopol. In Kiev, Simferopol and Odessa - two airports.

In general, the transport complex problems inherent characteristic of the whole economy. However, a comprehensive transport infrastructure, modern ways of communication, upgrading and modernization of the fleet of vehicles, reducing the cost of transportation are important prerequisites for integrating our country into the global economy.