Industry (compendium)

Industry is the leading sector of industrial areas of the state. In Ukraine, almost 30% of gross value added economy accounted for by industry. And the cost of the entire industrial production of Ukraine for 2006 amounts to 47% from that seen in the economy as a whole.

By appointment of the final product is divided into heavy industry, which produces means of production (Group A) and light and food, specializing in the manufacture of commodities (group B).

to the leading industries include metallurgy, chemicals, fuel, food industry.

Main indicators of industrial development

2000

2002

2004

2006

sales volume, mln.

182 718

229 634

400 757

551 729

Fixed industry, mln.

285 328

339 259

420 080

501 977

profitability of enterprises percent

4,8

2,6

4,7

5,8

share of unprofitable enterprises percent

1942

1942

1938

1935

Average number of employees, thousands

4462

4064

3941

3852

average salary of employees, hr.

291

456

697

1145

Map provides visual representation of the dynamics of complex processes of transformation in recent years in the economy. The rapid decline of production in virtually all sectors (1990-1995 biennium) and later passed into the slow phase of gradual growth. In addition, over the years has changed the structure of industry. The growth of steel industry caused by the favorable situation on world markets - industry provides the bulk of foreign exchange revenue. Growing food industry - proof that the industry gets weight, especially in the domestic market. Reducing the share of light industry reflects its dependence on imported raw materials - and this is the main cause of the current status of the field.

industrial centers on the map using structured chart for the number of workers, the colors reflect the sectoral structure of sectors centers. Most of the industrial centers are located in the Donbass and Precarpathians. Powerful diversified industrial centers of Dnipropetrovsk, Donetsk, Kyiv, Zaporizhia, Kharkiv. Industrial cities such as Sverdlovsk, Krasnodon, Yujnoukrainsk Energodar etc. before 3.1 branches.

Regional analysis identifies regional differences in industrial specialization: fuel - in the Donetsk and Lugansk regions and the north of Lviv region; steel - in Dnipropetrovsk and Donetsk regions; machine represented various centers of power in many regions of Ukraine and wood - in the Carpathians and Polesie, food and light - all over Ukraine, and most of all - in Zhytomyr, Rivne, Ternopil, Khmelnytsky and Vinnitsa regions.

indicators of the region share in industrial production of Ukraine is a clear proof that the bulk of the industrial potential of Ukraine is concentrated in the eastern provinces.

Overall, Ukraine - a country with great technical potential. Space technology, aircraft, equipment for nuclear power plants - a few examples of high-tech products, known in many countries. After a decade of stagnation in the economy of Ukraine at the beginning of the XXI century. began to "come alive", showing remarkable progress. In 2004, GDP growth in our country exceeded 12% in subsequent years, although this figure dropped slightly, yet Ukraine has entered the path of sustainable economic growth.