Ukraine - a state in Eastern Europe and has access to the Black and Azov Seas
Area - 603,7 thousand miles 2
Population - 46,373 million people (ARC on 1.01.2008)
Official Language - Ukrainian
50 nationalities with a population of over one thousand representatives
Capital - Kyiv (2.74 million inhabitants)
Currency - UAH
Gross domestic product - the 537 667 million. (2006)
Human Development Index - 0,777 (70 seats among the other countries)
transition countries, the second for his potential in the CIS and Eastern Europe
member of the UN, WTO, OSCE, CIS, GUAM, and most other countries
political map of Europe help to define contemporary geopolitical position of Ukraine as a sovereign state, bounded on the west by Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, south-west - with Romania and Moldova north - with Belarus in the east - Russia.
from west to east - 1316 km
from north to south - 893 km
borders - 6 500 km
village in the north. Hremiacha (Chernihiv region.) 52 ° 22'40 "latitude
33 ° 11'30 "east. d.
in the south of Cape Sarich (ARC) 44 ° 23'05 "Mon. w .
33 ° 44'30 "east. d.
the west of Chop (the Transcarpathian region.) 48 ° 26'00 "Mon. Sh.
22 ° 08'20 "east. d.
in the East Village. Red Star (Luhansk region.) 49 ° 15'40 "Mon. Sh.
40 ° 13'30 "east. d.
Borders of Ukraine is stable from 1954
At formation of the independent state of Ukraine in the former USSR stability borders secured a special agreement, and for the art. 2 of the Constitution of Ukraine (1996) "The territory of Ukraine within its present border is indivisible and inviolable".
August 24, 1991 - Day of Independence of Ukraine.
Ukraine is a constitutional republic. President - the President. Legislature - Parliament. His national title - the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Supreme executive body - the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine.
CONSTITUTION OF UKRAINE (excerpt)
Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine on behalf of the Ukrainian people - citizens of Ukraine of all nationalities, expressing the sovereign will of the people, based on centuries-old history of Ukrainian state and on the basis of the Ukrainian nation, all the Ukrainian people the right to self-determination, providing for the protection of rights and Freedoms and the worthy conditions of life, caring for the strengthening of civil accord in the land of Ukraine, striving to develop and strengthen a democratic, social state, aware of our responsibility before God, our own conscience, past, present and future generations, guided by the Act of Independence of Ukraine August 24, 1991, approved December 1, 1991 by popular vote, adopts this Constitution - the Fundamental Law of Ukraine ".
adopted by the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine on June 28, 1996.
Presidents of Ukraine
first President of independent Ukraine (1991-1994).
up Ukraine as a newly independent state associated with the first president Leonid Kravchuk. In July 1990 he was elected Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. August 24, 1991 the Ukrainian parliament adopted the Act of State Independence of Ukraine. This historic document for the people of Ukraine supported the referendum on December 1 that year. Simultaneously with the referendum held presidential elections. Honor erected at the head of a newly independent nation of citizens entrusted Leonid Kravchuk.
In 1994, a democratic way, Bob gave Leonid Kuchma.
Kuchma Leonid Danilovich
elected President of Ukraine in July 1994 and reelected in November 1999.
In October 1994, shortly after the election of President of Ukraine Leonid Kuchma unveiled a program of economic reforms, which defined the overall logic of change, mechanisms to overcome the crisis of the Ukrainian economy.
After re-election as President of Ukraine Leonid Kuchma has proposed a strategy of economic and social development for 2000 - 2004.
elected President of Ukraine in December 2004.
election of President Viktor Yushchenko marked the end post-stage development of Ukraine. The strategic objectives of Ukraine, outlined the new president, is to build a civil society based on democracy, market economy and full integration into Euro-Atlantic (EU, NATO) and international institutions. In the spring of 2008, Ukraine became a WTO member, which enables our state to more deeply integrate into the world economy and actively gain new markets for national products.