Geoecological situation (compendium)

territories of Ukraine belongs to a number of ecologically disadvantaged regions of the world. Map Geoecological situation reflects environmental problems. Human activity had a major impact on all natural ingredients in Ukraine. The biggest impact of economic activity experienced atmosferene air - it is the most polluted industrial cities in the country. The main source of pollution is road transport in big cities because of toxic substances in the air exceeds the maximum permissible concentration several times. In Krivoy Rog, Mariupol, Dniprodzerzhinsk, Dnipropetrovsk major pollutants is industry. The main air pollutants are oxides of sulfur and nitrogen (which, when connected to the water vapor cause acid rain ), as well as carbon monoxide, heavy metals.

no significant changes were internal waters. Sky regulated cascade of reservoirs, it slowed the flow, leading to the changing conditions of existence of living organisms. Rivers of Ukraine, as in soils heavily contaminated with mineral fertilizers and agricultural chemicals. The result is ill-conceived reclamation and wind erosion.

Great natural environment caused a crash that occurred on April 26, 1986 at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. As a result of contamination of large areas for certain areas of Ukraine took the threat of long-term intake of radionuclides in soil, surface and ground water, long exposure to the local population.

radical changes of all components of nature in Ukraine have such extreme global environmental problems: environmental pollution, reduction of suitable economic use of land, depletion of mineral resources, energy problem.

State pays great attention to environment protection organization. Ukraine undertakes measures to protect the gene pool of plants and animals, typical and unique landscapes, monitoring of the environment.