Fauna (compendium)

Wildlife Ukraine has 100 species of mammals, 360 - birds, 200 - fish, 20 - reptiles. This diversity is related to features of terrain and climate, but above all - with particular plant communities, the geography position is associated with pulse high-rise zoning and explain.

Wildlife varied over geological and historical periods of time. In old age in our land was known for some rhinos, giraffes, saber-toothed tiger, ostriches, flamingos. Later, climate change, some species disappeared, while others appear. Special fauna has been made in II thousand that a growing population and increasing anthropogenic pressure on the environment.

intensive hunting, active Human activities have led to significant changes in species composition of animals. Many today are rare and endangered and listed in the Red Book of Ukraine , numbering several hundred species of animals.