Ukraine - a country in Eastern Europe, has access to the Black and Azov Seas (compendium)

Ukraine - a state in Eastern Europe and has access to the Black and Azov Seas

Area - 603,7 thousand miles 2

Population - 46,373 million people (ARC on 1.01.2008)

Official Language - Ukrainian

50 nationalities with a population of over one thousand representatives

Capital - Kyiv (2.74 million inhabitants)

Currency - UAH

Gross domestic product - the 537 667 million. (2006)

Human Development Index - 0.777 (70 position in the world)

transition countries, the second for his potential in the CIS and Eastern Europe

member of the UN, OSCE, CIS, GUAM, and most other countries

political map of Europe help to define contemporary geopolitical position of Ukraine as a sovereign state, bounded on the west by Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, south-west - with Romania and Moldova north - with Belarus in the east - Russia.

territory stretches

from west to east - 1316 km

from north to south - 893 km

borders - 6 500 km

extreme points:

the north

with. Hremiacha (Chernihiv region.)

52 ° 22'40 "latitude

33 ° 11'30 "east. d.

the south

Cape Sarich (ARC)

44 ° 23'05 "Mon. sh.

33 ° 44'30 "east. d.

the West

pm Chop (the Transcarpathian region.)

48 ° 26'00 "Mon. sh.

22 ° 08'20 "east. d.

east

with. Red Star (Lugansk region.)

49 ° 15'40 "Mon. sh.

40 ° 13'30 "east. d.

Addressing the historical antiquity, using the map to understand that precisely because of their geographical location, wealth, land and other natural resources of the territory of Ukraine grew once again in the arena of war and the object of aggression (Mongol invasion in the XIII century., the struggle between Lithuania, Poland, Turkey and Russia in the XIV - XVIII centuries., between the Soviet Union and Germany in the XX century.). For centuries the Ukrainian lands were part of other countries (the Kingdom of Poland and Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and after 1569 - the Commonwealth, the Ottoman Empire, Muscovy, in 1795 - 1917 - Austria-Hungary and the Russian Empire).

stages of formation in Ukraine appears on maps

Ukrainian Cossack state in the XVII - XVIII century.

restoration of Ukrainian statehood in 1917-1920

formation in Ukraine in the Soviet Union (1921-1991 biennium)

The last map shows the territory that became part of Ukraine (USSR in 1925, the USSR in 1939, 1940, 1945, 1951 and 1954) or went to other States and the Soviet republics under intergovernmental agreements.

Borders of Ukraine is stable from 1954

At formation of the independent state of Ukraine in the former USSR stability borders secured a special agreement, and for the art. 2 of the Constitution of Ukraine (1996) "The territory of Ukraine within its present border is indivisible and inviolable".

August 24, 1991 - Day of Independence of Ukraine.

Ukraine is a constitutional republic. President - the President. Legislature - Parliament. His national title - the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Supreme executive body - the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine.

CONSTITUTION OF UKRAINE (excerpt)

Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine on behalf of the Ukrainian people - citizens of Ukraine of all nationalities, expressing the sovereign will of the people, based on centuries-old history of Ukrainian state and on the basis of the Ukrainian nation, all the Ukrainian people the right to self-determination, providing for the protection of rights and Freedoms and the worthy conditions of life, caring for the strengthening of civil accord in the land of Ukraine, striving to develop and strengthen a democratic, social state, aware of our responsibility before God, our own conscience, past, present and future generations, guided by the Act of Independence of Ukraine August 24, 1991, approved December 1, 1991 by popular vote, adopts this Constitution - the Fundamental Law of Ukraine ".

adopted by the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine on June 28, 1996.

Presidents of Ukraine

Kravchuk Bob

first President of independent Ukraine (1991-1994).

up Ukraine as a newly independent state associated with the first president Leonid Kravchuk.

In July 1990 he was elected Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. August 24, 1991 the Ukrainian parliament adopted the Act of State Independence of Ukraine. This historic document for the people of Ukraine supported the referendum on December 1 that year. Simultaneously with the referendum held presidential elections. Honor erected at the head of a newly independent nation of citizens entrusted Leonid Kravchuk.

In 1994, a democratic way, Bob gave Leonid Kuchma. Today, Leonid Kravchuk - Deputies of Ukraine.

Kuchma Leonid Danilovich

elected President of Ukraine in July 1994 and reelected in November 1999.

In October 1994, shortly after the election of President of Ukraine Leonid Kuchma unveiled a program of economic reforms, which defined the overall logic of change, mechanisms to overcome the crisis of the Ukrainian economy.

After re-election as President of Ukraine Leonid Kuchma has proposed a strategy of economic and social development for 2000 - 2004.

Viktor Yushchenko

elected President of Ukraine in December 2004.

election of President Viktor Yushchenko marked the end post-stage development of Ukraine. The strategic objectives of Ukraine, outlined the new president, is to build a civil society based on democracy, market economy and full integration into Euro-Atlantic (EU, NATO) and global (WTO, etc.) institutions.