The level of economic and social development of countries (compendium)

countries and peoples have always differed among themselves on level of economic and social development , ie the degree of public financial and social benefits. The main criterion for determining the level of economic development of the state is the value of gross domestic (or gross national ) Product per capita.

dividing the country into groups depending on their level of economic development called the typology of states according to which sovereign states are divided into four types.

highly developed countries ( produce 2 / 3 of the world GDP, only about 30).

developing countries ( 1 / 4 GNP of the world, about 130 countries).

countries with economies in transition in Central and Eastern Europe, North and Central Asia (30 countries).

Countries centrally controlled economy : China, Cuba, North Korea, Vietnam.

addition GNP (GDP) during the selection of countries are using new types of integral indicator of social development of the so-called Human Development Index (HDI) which takes into account the size of real income per capita Average life expectancy and educational level of the population. The highest values of HDI are highly developed countries the Group of Seven (U.S., Japan, Germany, France, Great Britain, Italy and Canada), other Western European countries and Australia and New Zealand.

Typology of countries in economic and social development is of practical importance. So the UN to solve the problem of overcoming the backwardness of developing countries, identify the state that most need financial and humanitarian assistance.

Gross domestic product (GDP) - defined as the total value of all final products produced on the territory for the year.

Gross National Product (GNP) - consists of GDP net profits of foreign companies in the country and add profits entrepreneurs of this country abroad.