Australia and Oceania (compendium)

Australia, New Zealand and thousands of different size and origin of the islands in the southwestern Pacific through common geography and historical development, are combined in a specific region - Australia and Oceania .

Australia - industrially developed country which plays an important role throughout the Asia Pacific area. Oceania is the largest in Papua New Guinea and New Zealand. Many Pacific islands remain possession of the U.S., Britain, France, Australia and New Zealand. Australia, New Zealand and some Pacific Islands are members of the British Commonwealth of Nations.

Australia and New Zealand - a country migration of capitalism, their development was critical role in metropolitan and European immigrants, who constitute the core of the future of nations.

These countries in the world economy (like South Africa and Canada) are still raw regions. Other countries of Oceania - a developing country, the core values which are the natural conditions and strategic location. The main sectors of the economy are agriculture, fishing and tourism.

main crops are cocoa crop, sugar cane, bananas, vegetables and fruits.

New Zealand - an agro-industrial country, with well-developed agriculture. Livestock - Leading industry (availability of grassland), characterized by high levels of mechanization, marketability and performance. New Zealand is one of the largest suppliers of meat (beef, lamb, poultry), butter, wool and cheese.

Australia (Australia) covers the entire continent, Australia, Fr. Tasmania and some small islands in the Pacific and Indian oceans. Modern Australia - economically developed industrial-agricultural country. In a global economy acts as a supplier of raw materials and food products, plays a significant role in world production and trade of wheat, meat, sugar, and wool and minerals (iron ore, coal, manganese, Polymetal ores, uranium, bauxite , nickel, bismuth, gold).

leading place in the sectoral structure of economy is the manufacturing industry (metallurgy, machine building, chemical, food, textile, printing, etc.).

in the territorial structure of the economy stands southeast of the country. There is a major cities, industrial centers and, consequently, here - the highest population density. Hence began the development of the continent. Here is Sydney - the largest and oldest city, one of the most important industrial and cultural center, the modern capital of New South Wales.

In remote coastal plain areas of other states developed intensive agriculture: dairy cattle from grazing on grass and feed sheep.

short period of time Australia has been a difficult path of economic development. Since agro-raw application metropolis, which was a country in the early twentieth century. It has become a highly developed country economically.

big role in this played a close relationship with the mother country. Industry, mining first and then the cutting began to evolve through technology and equipment imported from the Old World. Immigrants from Europe created a base of skilled human resources. Australia has always had a positive balance of migration. Every fourth citizen born outside Australia. Migration Policy of the country increases the number of emigrants.