China, Mongolia, North Korea, South Korea (compendium)

countries of the region are very different in size, political system, level of economic development. China - a country with one-party political system and centrally controlled economy that has some of the highest rates of annual growth of GDP. North Korea (DPRK) - isolated from hypertrophied state toward the military-industrial complex economy and a significant food problems. South Korea and Taiwan with other countries in the Asia-Pacific region related to the Asian NICs.

China - the third largest and the first state in population in the world. The territory of the country distinguished by the diversity of natural conditions and rich natural resources. The ancient Chinese civilization left behind many monuments.

Modern China is an industrial-agrarian country, which along with the traditional industries (textiles, coal, metals) have a development of new fields: space and nuclear industry, engineering, electronics and petrochemicals. Since 1980 Twentieth century. Chinese economy is undergoing fundamental reform. In the state's economy heavily involved in foreign capital, create free economic zones, which give 10% of exports. Dynamic economies of these regions are the engines of the entire economy of the state. Growth of industrial and agricultural production so high that the production of many products China among the top ten world leaders. China has collected a third of world harvest of rice and millet crops. Country - one of the world's largest producers of corn, cotton, tea, soybeans, tobacco, poultry and silkworm cocoons. Textile industry in terms of production of finished products ranked first in St.ITI. China came in second place in the world in steel production. And although manufacturing output per capita China still lags far behind developed countries in terms of GDP the country ranked the second in the world, behind only the United States. However, in the territorial structure of China has seen significant disparities: 80% industrial and most agricultural production comes from Eastern China. In western countries only developed mining industry and extensive farming.

on the Korean peninsula from 1948 there are two countries separated by demarcation line, roughly, to 38 ° north latitude: North Korea, South Korea . Economic structure, economic growth rates of the two countries differ significantly. North Korea - is closed, the industrial-agrarian state with a centrally controlled economy type. South Korea in the early 60's last century was typical of a backward country. With limited natural resources, backward economy, the country began to develop the industry, which relied on the country's main resource - cheap labor. Production of labor-intensive footwear, textile, woodworking industries was targeted for export. Removing all barriers to trade and foreign investment led to rapid capital accumulation, efficient allocation of resources and access to modern technical level of the economy. Now South Korea is a leader in manufacturing high technology products: consumer electronics, computers, microelectronics, automobiles. Well-known brands have become household appliances ( Samsung , LG , Daewoo ) and cars ( Daewoo , Hyundai , KIA ), produced in this country. The structure of exports 95% products are ready.

Mongolia is one of the post-socialist transition countries. The basis of the country - agriculture, which employs 40% of the working population. Production of main agricultural - livestock serves as raw material for light and food industry and a significant part of the domestic turnover of the country and over 1 / 3 value of exports. Developed are also the mining industry. It found significant deposits of stone and brown coal, uranium, gold, silver, copper, tin, iron ore, phosphates.