Countries Europe (compendium)

Europe - this is the first region which is considered in a regional part of the course. The study of regions is based on material of general review of the world. Describing the population, natural resources potential industries or any region of the world preferably additionally use the appropriate map and comments to them.

political map of Europe has undergone significant transformation in 90 years of the twentieth century. and continues to change today. Events of recent years that have taken place in Europe, not only changed the face of the continent, but also influenced the whole world.

1989-1990 he

Antytotalitarni revolution in Bulgaria, East Germany, Romania, Czechoslovakia Clovachchyni that brought about a democratic transformation in Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia Clovachchyni, the Baltic countries. Ceased to exist military organization of the Warsaw Pact and Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (CEA), which were the main factors of integration processes in Central Europe during socialism.

1991

Association of West Germany and East Germany into one state. The collapse of the USSR and the former Soviet Union's new political entity - Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), comprising all the countries - former Soviet republics except Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Georgia. Last joined the CIS in 1994. The disintegration of Yugoslavia and the formation instead of new sovereign states.

1993

division of Czechoslovakia into two independent states - the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Transformation of the European Economic Community into the European Union . Strengthening the integration process in Europe in order to create economic and political union within the single European space.

1995

Accession to the EU of Austria, Sweden and Finland.

1999

first wave of NATO enlargement: new members are Poland, Czech Republic, Hungary.

2002

Introduction to euro cash.

2004

next wave of enlargement (seven new members) and EU (the ten new members).

Thus, Europe was and remains one of the leading economic and political centers in the world. Total GDP of the European region is nearly 30% of the world. The territorial structure of the economy of Europe has developed mainly in the past century. The highest growth areas were tending to the central axis of which extends from the industrial areas of Britain, through the Rhine valley to the central axis of the central Italiyi.Do industrial areas are eight European countries: the metropolitan areas of Greater London and Greater Paris, the Ruhr district (Rheinisch- Ruhr agglomeration), the industrial triangle of Milan-Torino - Genoa in Italy, industrial and urban agglomeration Randstad in the Netherlands and others.

leading economy in the European region is a field of avant-garde trio, which provide technical and technological progress.

In the region there are major internal differences, including where Europe is divided into subregions: West, Central and East .

to the Western sub-region includes 25 countries with territorial affiliation divided into three groups:

Northern Europe (Iceland, Norway, Finland, Sweden, Denmark);

Central Europe (Ireland, Britain, France, Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg, Germany, Austria, Switzerland and Liechtenstein);

Southern Europe (Spain, Portugal, Italy, Greece, Andorra, San Marino, Monaco, Vatican, Gibraltar, Malta).

Central European countries form a continuous territorial array in the center of Europe between Western Europe and the European part of Russia, which belong to Eastern Europe. This transition countries: Ukraine, Poland, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Belarus, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania, Moldova, Slovenia, Croatia, Macedonia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Montenegro and Albania.