Education and science (compendium)

Map Education and Science gives the idea about the costs of education in the state of the world (as a percentage of GDP of the country), and the proportion of pupils and students in the population of individual countries. More revealing is the proportion of people with higher (university) education. In industrialized countries the figure is an average of 19% and in developing countries - 1%. In industrialized countries, a thousand residents accounted for an average of 85 scientists and technicians in Sweden - 262, and in developing countries - only 9.

high educational level of the population identifies potential opportunities to develop knowledge-intensive industries, which in turn determines the position of the state in the international division of labor. Yes, Brazil to growth in the number of students is one of the best among developing countries. Scientific and technical potential of the country is growing. Brazil now exports its technology abroad, provides technical and advisory services to many other countries.

scale research and deployment of scientific and engineering institutions affect the territorial structure of the economy of countries and regions. Over the past decade, appeared a network of cities for which research and design development is the main function, the so-called science and technology and research parks, innovation centers, best buy . Science Parks - is posted on the university complex territory, where there are conditions for research and development of advanced technologies that integrate laboratory and university research groups and industrial companies specializing in knowledge-intensive industries. An example of science parks is Antiplis Sophia in France, Oxford, UK, Berkeley, Oakland in the U.S..

Technopolis in many countries have become a kind of scientific growth poles, which formed large regional innovation systems, for example, in Japan, Tsukuba district, Russia - Dubna, Silicon Valley in the U.S. Cambridge Science Park, around which there was greatest in the UK best buy.