Caloric intake. Health (compendium)

This card can be used for the characterization of such global problems as food, health problems, the problem of overcoming the backwardness of developing countries.

medical (physiological) standard caloric content of food consumed by a person per day is 2 300-2 600 kcal and 70-100 grams of protein. If a person does not receive the minimum number of calories, she feels a constant hunger from further physical and mental exhaustion. In the world according to the WHO, 1.2 billion people starving. More about 2 billion people suffer from hidden hunger, getting malnutrition, which are not available in sufficient quantities of animal proteins (meat, milk), the necessary vitamins and microelements. This phenomenon is especially characteristic of countries in the diet of the inhabitants of a prevailing culture of food (eg rice, corn or potatoes). From the maps shows that problems with food are citizens of developing countries. In developed countries, daily consumption of food is on average 3300 kcal and a surplus of food. The population is from countries with low levels of economic development not has the capacity to meet the needs in nutrition. With three times more people in these states are six times the total GNP of less than a developed country. Because of illness, hunger and malnutrition, lack of safe drinking water show low life expectancy and high death rate. Health expenditures in developing countries, minimum, except for Nick and naftoeksporteriv countries.

One way of solving the food problem and overcoming hunger is Green Revolution , which started in some countries even in those 60 years of the twentieth century. Green Revolution provides a set of measures on introduction of high yielding varieties of grain, breeding, irrigation, chemicals and mechanization of agricultural production. Effectiveness Green Revolution has been proven in Asia (India, Thailand, Indonesia, China). These crowded country in recent decades have achieved impressive success in providing food.