This card can be used in the study of global challenges, including problems of peace on Earth.
are global problems that are somehow affecting every country and whose solution is possible if the efforts of all nations. Most global problems have been exacerbated and especially in the middle of the twentieth century. due to the rapid increase in world population and rapid industrial development.
Global problems are divided into political, economic, demographic, social and environmental. Is most important is the political problems of humanity: an arms race, religious and resolution of regional military and political conflicts in different parts of the world and more. Recently acquired acute problem of combating terrorism.
global problem of war and peace came with the advent of weapons of mass destruction: chemical, biological and nuclear. Limit the impact of a possible nuclear accident on the environment can not be proved in the Chernobyl accident. Therefore the use of nuclear weapons even in local conflicts can have irreversible consequences for humanity. By solving the problem of war is to stop the arms race and disarmament and resolve all international disputes by political means only. A key role is given to the UN.
Officially, there are five countries that have nuclear weapons: U.S., Russia, China, France, Great Britain. These countries are the guarantors of peace and world security. However, there are states (India, Pakistan, Israel, North Korea) that contrary to international norms already have nuclear weapons, or closely approached its possession. Taking care of the interests of humanity in 1994 from nuclear weapons first refused to Ukraine, which at that time owned the third largest nuclear potential in the world. Followed by Ukraine of nuclear weapons abandoned Kazakhstan and Belarus.
on the planet continues Chamber hotspots - areas of conflict inter-ethnic and cross-border nature. On this map marked with areas spreading separatist movements that are most prominent multinational federal states. Separatism is aimed at separating and out of a territory from the jurisdiction of the state, part of which is this area, ie for sovereignty.
After the success of the international physical in 1959 signed the International Covenant on Antarctica . According to this document Antarctica should not be used for military purposes, there prohibited any military activity, including - testing of nuclear weapons and radioactive waste. Twelve States Parties agreed on the need for international cooperation in Antarctica for peaceful purposes and freedom on the continent of research. Countries and areas of their interest in Antarctica shown on the map. Visit Antarctica each year, about 6 thousand tourists. On the Antarctic Peninsula is a tourist camp and airfield.