Germany, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, Belarus, Lithuania (compendium)

This map shows part of Central Europe and Germany.

leading position of Germany in Europe manifested itself more clearly after the unification of its western and eastern territories. As a member of the European Union and NATO, the Federal Republic of Germany is a bridge between East and West, between Scandinavia and the Mediterranean countries.

Germany - fourth (after the U.S., China and Japan) countries based on GDP and a leader in export volumes. The European Union is the leader in all respects. Germany - is a highly developed post-industrial state, the main economic sectors which are services and industry. In an industry dominated by engineering (especially automobile, vessel, aircraft, machine tools), electric power, chemical industry. Widely known throughout the world brands Mersedes, Audi, BMW, Porsche, Siemens, Adidas, Bayer have long been symbols of impeccable German quality and reliability.

country has a highly concentrated, modern agriculture, which is a 3 / 4 meets the needs of the population in food products. The central position of Germany in Europe resulted in a high proportion (over 40%) of transit freight traffic in all transport modes. Corridors, Germany is united with the countries of Central and Eastern Europe. For the project of creating a single European transport network envisaged the formation of nine corridors - polimagistraley - parallel to the road of one or more modes of transport that the link between the same areas and transport hubs.

Economic-geographical situation in Central Europe, is very convenient. In the global economy as they relate to states in transition economies with an average level of development. In the early 90-x years. States in the region (except Belarus) took the path of radical reforms in all spheres of public life. Significant strides toward a market economy have reached Slovakia, Poland and Lithuania. They are referred to the industrial-agrarian country. The industry is developing on their own resources and imported energy. Prominent place in the country belongs to the engineering industry (production of technological equipment, machine tools, automotive and precision engineering). Czech Republic belongs to the industrial countries (the share of industry in national income accounts for 60%). Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland and Lithuania are members of NATO and the EU.

Belarus is also a country in transition economies, but it is characterized by more modest rates of economic development. The reason for this gap in industrial relations with former Soviet countries, as well as in complex transformation processes that occur in this state. During Soviet times, Belarus was a kind of assembly shop, working on a broad cooperative relationships with enterprises of almost all the republics of the Soviet Union and CMEA countries. So now Belarus in its external economic relations is focused primarily on Russia and neighboring countries, advocating the strengthening of integration processes in CIS countries.