Political tensions (compendium)

This card can be used to study global problems, in particular the problem of preservation of peace on Earth.

Global are the issues affecting each country, and whose solution is possible by joint efforts of all nations. Most global problems have arisen in the mid-twentieth century. due to the rapid increase in world population and rapid industrial development.

Global problems can be divided into political, economic, demographic, social and environmental. Most relevant to humanity is a political problem: the arms race, the decision of the regional religious and political-military conflicts around the globe, etc. Recently acquired a particularly acute problem of combating terrorism.

problem of war and peace has become global with the advent of weapons of mass destruction: chemical, bacteriological and nuclear weapons. Limit the impact of a possible nuclear catastrophe on the environment is impossible, that showed the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. Therefore, the use of nuclear weapons even in a local conflict could have irreversible consequences for humanity. By solving the problem of war may be ending the arms race, disarmament and the resolution of all international disputes exclusively by political means. A key role here belongs to the UN.

officially in the world, there are five countries with nuclear weapons: U.S., Russia, China, France, Great Britain. These countries are the guarantors of peace and security on the planet. Nevertheless, there are states (India, Pakistan, Israel, North Korea), which contrary to international standards already have nuclear weapons, or are very close to his creation.

on the planet are the hot spots - areas of conflict inter-ethnic and border nature. On a map areas of separatist movements, characteristic of a multinational federal states. Separatism is aimed at the isolation and exit certain territory from the jurisdiction of the state, part of which is this area, ie for sovereignty.

Following the success of the International Geophysical Year in 1959 signed the International Treaty on Antarctica. Accordingly, this document Antarctica should not be used for military purposes, it is prohibited any military activity, including the testing of atomic weapons and radioactive waste. Twelve of the participants agreed on the need for international cooperation in Antarctica for peaceful purposes and the freedom of the continent's scientific research. State and area of their interest in Antarctica shown on the map. Each year, Antarctica is visited by about 6 thousand tourists. On the Antarctic Peninsula operate a tourist base and airfield.