Recreational (from the Latin - "recovery") resources - is the natural and man-made objects and phenomena that can be used for recreation, tourism and treatment.
Recreational resources are divided into natural and recreational and cultural-historical.
natural and recreational resources are:
- mountain landscapes suitable for leisure, recreation and ski tourism;
- seashores, riverbanks and lakes suitable for the seaside and beach holidays;
- territory with a comfortable climate (heat island of the seas and oceans), forests, mineral springs, therapeutic mud, national parks, nature reserves or unexploited exotic territory.
to cultural and historical sites include the cultural, historical and architectural monuments, religious, religious complexes, historic centers, etc.
All recreation - an architectural monument or a beautiful landscape, or nature reserve - constantly experience the effects of destructive factors: pollution, erosion, waterlogging, the irresponsible actions of a person, increasing urbanization, mass tourism. To preserve for future generations cultural and natural heritage of humankind, UNESCO has adopted the 1972 Convention for the Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritage. The Convention created a committee, which approved the World Heritage List, this list is constantly updated. Making the List object attracts attention of governmental and public organizations to the problems of preserving national heritage.
Availability and use of recreational resources play an important role in economic development in many countries. In particular, European countries have a unique combination of natural and recreational, cultural and historical resources, which, together with developed transport infrastructure and good service each year attract many foreign tourists. Significant recreational resources are available to Asian countries, but political instability in many regions of the world interfere with their full use. Opportunities to develop educational and sports tourism are countries in Africa, but due to low economic development (primarily in underdeveloped transport and services) they are used very little.
rapidly developing ocean tourism. Space of the oceans and seas created excellent conditions for cruise tourism. Travelling in comfortable sea liners allow wealthy tourists to get acquainted with the exotic countries, visiting the most remote corners of the globe.